- Identify the anatomical planes of orientation when looking at the CNS.
- Identify the lobes of the brain and define their boundaries.
- Describe the gross anatomy of the spinal cord (enlargements, length).
- Identify spinal ganglia, spinal nerves, motor and sensory roots.
- Identify the meningeal layers that cover the spinal cord.
- Explain the organization of the ventricular system and the circulation of CSF.
- Describe the major components of the brainstem and cerebellum.
- Name the cranial nerves associated with the brainstem.
- Identify the three meningeal layers that surround the brain and the spaces between them.
- Describe the location and organization of white and gray matter in general terms.
- Orient yourself to the location of deep structures in cross section – this is only an introduction, do not memorize structures for now!
- Define and differentiate between projection fibers, association fibers and commissural fibers.
- Review the cranial nerves on whole brain and brainstem specimens.
- Correlate the surface anatomy to cross-sectional anatomy in the brainstem.
- Understand the neuroanatomy of the visual system and eye movements.
- Describe the autonomic innervation of the eye and how it relates to eye reflexes.
- Apply your knowledge to clinical cases.
Additional Site Resources
- Describe and localize the lobes of the cerebral cortex and their major components.
- Compare and contrast the functional components of the right and left hemispheres. Localize the functional areas.
- Describe the location of the major subcortical fiber bundles.
- Describe the tracts running through the internal capsule, their location within the internal capsule, and the blood supply to the internal capsule.
- Describe the function of the thalamus as the gatekeeper to the cortex. Describe which systems relay through the thalamus.
- Describe the blood supply to the forebrain.